The wish for freedom, the altruistic intention, and the wisdom realizing emptiness constitute the essence of the Buddhist path.
The three principles are:
Renunciation: the wish to be free from suffering
Bodhicitta: the wish to achieve enlightenment for the benefit of all beings
Wisdom: the correct view of reality.
These are called the principals as they are the essence of the entire teachings of Lord Buddha. Historically, this text derives from Lama Je Tsongkhapa’s direct, visual communication with Lord Manjushri, the Buddha of Wisdom. Manjushri gave him this teaching and then Lama Je Tsongkhapa gave it to his disciples.
Lam-tso nam-sum, the Three Principal Aspects is a short text, it is very simple and practical and is a universal teaching that anyone can understand, benefit from and apply to their daily lives.
Geshe Thupten Wangchen was born of Tibetan parents in India in 1966. At the age of 10, he entered the Tibetan Buddhist educational system of the Gelugpa tradition as a novice monk at Sera Jhey Monastery in South India. Geshe-la later took full ordination with His Holiness the Dalai Lama.In 1998, after 23 years of dedicated study of the major philosophical texts and rigorous examinations he was conferred the Lharam Geshe degree or PhD in Buddhist Philosophy.
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